The Level D Airbus A320, A330 & A350 Full Flight Simulator (FFS).
Airline pilots are required to train in the full-motion simulator every three to six month, to renew their license and proficiency check, to ensure the safe operation of aircraft.
When pilots change from aircraft type to another, this simulator can be used for so-called zero flight hours trainer. pilots can fly the aircraft for a commercial flight for the first time under the supervision of the trainer without using a real aircraft.
Most simulators have a trainer workstation. On the workstation, the trainer can quickly generate a variety of normal and abnormal situations to simulate the internal or external environment of the aircraft, such as engine fire, landing gear failure, circuit failure, storm, downburst, wind shear, oncoming aircraft avoidance, slippery runways, malfunctioning navigation systems, and countless other problems, and pilots must be familiar with these conditions and take action. Many simulators allow the trainer to control the simulator from the cockpit, either from the console behind the pilot’s seat.
Full-motion flight simulators are worth tens of million-dollar and are only used in large training centres and well-established airlines.
There are currently about 1,200 flight simulators in operation worldwide, of which there are about 15-20 in Hong Kong.